What Should Be Observed in the Order of the Surahs Recited in Salah?

After surah Fatiha in prayer, it is wajib to recite surahs in the order of the Qur’an. For example; surah Fil, Maun, Kawthar, Kafirun, Nasr, Tabbat, Ikhlas, Falaq, Nas or a long ayah or three short surahs. If you wish to skip some surahs, you may not skip only one surah. You are supposed to skip at least two surahs or more. Skipping only one surah, not reciting surahs in the order of the Quran, reciting a short surah in the first rakah and a long one in the second rakah is makruh (disliked) if it is done knowingly. (Durr- Sanjida)

It is makruh (disliked) for an individual to recite an extra surah in the second rakah which comes “before” the surah you recite in the first rakah. And reciting an ayah and then another ayah which comes before this one is also makruh. (Fatawa-i Hindiya)

For example; you have read surah tabbat in the first rakah, then in the second rakah you may not recite surah Fil or surah Maun or any other surah coming before surah tabbat. You may only recite a surah coming after tabbat such as surah Ikhlas, Falaq or Nas. Or for example; reciting surah Fil in the second rakah after you recite surah Kawthar in the first rakah is makruh (disliked), thus an individual must observe the order of the surahs.

Simple example:

  1. Surah Al Fil (The Elephant)
  2. Surah Quraysh (Quraysh)
  3. Al-Ma’un (Neighborly Kindness)
  4. Al-Kauthar (Abundance)
  5. Al-Kafirun (The Unbelievers)
  6. An-Nasr (Succour)
  7. Surah Al Masad (The Palm Fibre)
  8. Al-Ikhlas (Purity)
  9. Al-Falaq (The Dawn)
  10. An-Náas (Mankind)

Source: askaquestionto.us