Are there time periods during which per-forming a prayer is disliked?
There are three time periods when it is disliked to perform a prayer. In these time peri-ods neither can any of the prayers (obligatory, required, sunnah, supererogatory, funeral, or make-up) nor can Sajdat al-Tilawah can be performed.
1. When the sun is rising: It is a time period that is from the sun rise to 45 minutes after the sunrise. (If the sun rises while we were performing the Morning Prayer (salat al-Fajr), then our prayer becomes null and we have to make it up later).
2. When the sun is at its peak: The forty-five-minute time period before the time for the Noon Prayer (Salat al-Zuhr).
3. During the Sunset: The forty-five-minute time period between the start of the sun-set (with the yellowing of the sun) and the sunset. (At this period, one can only per-form the obligatory part of that day’s Late Afternoon Prayer ‘Salat al-Asr’).
Are there times during which it is disliked to perform a supererogatory prayer (al-nafilah)?
There are three time periods when one can perform obligatory (fardh) prayers, re-quired (wajib) prayers, funeral prayers, and missed prayers (Salat al-Qada), as well as per-form Sajdat al-Tilawah, but during which it is dis-liked (makruh) to perform any supererogatory (al-nafilah) prayers.
1. At the time of the Morning Prayer (Salat al-Fajr): From the beginning of the time of the Morning Prayer (dawn) until the sunrise, with the exception of the sunnah rakahs of Salat al-Fajr, it is disliked (makruh) to per-form any supererogatory prayers (Salat al-Nafilah).
2. After the obligatory part (fardh) of the Late Afternoon Prayer (Salat al-Asr): It is disliked (makruh) to perform any super-erogatory (al-nafilah) prayers after the obligatory (fardh) part of the Afternoon Prayer (salat al-Asr).
3. From the beginning of the Jum’ah khut-bah and until the prayer is finished: It is disliked (makruh) to perform any super-erogatory (al-nafilah) prayers from the moment the preacher (khatib) comes out and sits to the time the congregational Jum’a prayer is concluded.