What is Wudhu (Ablution): Ablution consists of rinsing or rubbing certain parts of one’s body in accordance with religious rules.
What are the acts that cannot be performed without wudhu?
- We cannot perform the ritual prayer.
- We cannot circumambulate the Holy Kaaba.
- We cannot touch the Noble Quran.
One makes intention (niyyah) by saying “I intend ablution for God’s sake.” One starts to take ablution by saying Audhu billahi min al-shaitan ir-rajim (I seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan the accursed), Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim (In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
We wash well both hands up to the wrists, three times. While doing this, we comb with the wet fingers of one hand those of the other and vice versa. If there is a ring, we rotate it back and forth so that water way reach beneath it.
We take water it to the mouth with the ring hand and rinse the inside of the mouth well. At this point, we preferably brush our teeth with a sunnah tooth brush (miswak) or otherwise a normal tooth brush. If neither are available, we mey rub our teeth with the ring thumb, for the ring side, and the fore finger of the ring hand for the left side.
We draw water into the nostrils with the palm of the ring hand tree times, blowing the nose each time using the left hand.
We wash the face three times with both hands from the forehead to underneath the chin, and from the side of the temples ring up to the soft beginning of the ears. In doing this, we should avoid forcefully splashing water on our face lest it should splatter all around.
We first wash our right arm rubbing with the left hand up to and including the elbow.
This is done three times, and repeated for the left arm with the ring hand.
We wipe over one fourth of the head from the back to the front with the wet palm of the right hand.
We again wet our hands wipe with the wet forefingers of both hands the inside of the ears and with the wet thumb behind the ears. Next we pipe the back of the neck with the remaining fingers, that is those other than the thumbs and forefingers.
While we are wiping the ears we recite this supplication: "O my Allah! Make me obey the best of the words".
First we wash our right foot (using the left hand) three times starting with the toes. The skin area an between toes is combet with the little finger of the left hand. This act of combing is started from the toe of the right foot and from the big toe of left foot the washing of the left foot is the same as that for the right foot.
What are the obligatory acts (fardh) of wudhu (Ablution)?
- 1. To wash the face: To wash the face from the top of the forehead (hairline) to the bottom of the chin, and to the sides of the face up to beginning of the ears.
- 2. To wash the arms: To wash the arms including the hands up to and including the elbows.
- 3. To wipe the head: To pass the wet palm of the hand on one-fourth of one’s head.
- 4. To wash the feet: To wash once each foot up to and including the anklebones.
The Sunnah Acts of Ablution? (When you take Wudhu)
- To face the Qiblah, if possible.
- To make intention (Niyyah) and start ablution with Audhu and Bismillah.
- To take water into the mouth and nostrils.
- To brush our teeth with the sunnah tooth brush (al-miswak) or toothbrush
- To rub one’s ears and neck.
- To wash each required part of the body three times.
- To begin washing the necessary parts of one’s body from the right side.
- To rinse the necessary parts of one’s body in the order taught by our Prophet.
What are the things that annul our ablution?
- To satisfy one’s bathroom needs.
- To pass gas.
- Impurities that come out from one’s body such as blood and pus.
- During ritual prayer, to laugh so loud as someone next to us can hear
- To fall asleep in a lying position or while leaning against something.
- To faint
- To vomit a mouthful
- To become drunk